Definition of Red Panda and Giant Panda
Red panda Ailurus Fulgens are small tree-living mammals found only in Southern China and Himalayas. According to World Conservation Union (IUCN), they fall under the category of vulnerable, as only an estimated 10,000 individuals exist today in nature.
These cats feature an eye-catching reddish brown coat, giving them their name: Shining Cat. Typical characteristics for this breed include long shaggy tails which adorn its back end; an average distance between head and base of tail exceeds half a meter while tail length measures an estimated half-metre long. Red pandas feature tall, narrow ears with more white in the rear than at their front end – similar to their long tail which forms an eye catcher!
Their bodies weigh roughly the same, from four to six kilograms respectively for males and five kilograms in weight for females. Their ears also show similar characteristics – more white at their rear end with darker spots at front.
Diet consists of mostly bamboo consumption (representing around two thirds), in addition to other vegetarian sources that come from plants as well as animals such as tiny mammals and insects as well as fish. Male and female Red Pandas find time for mating no matter their individual lifestyles, regardless of when and where.
Both genders have multiple partners during January (from January through March) until their pregnancy ends approximately four to five months later when cubs emerge deaf and blind with dark coats opening within 18 days after birth – potentially living for 10-15 years in wild life conditions.
Giant pandas are among the world’s rarest animals and IUCN has classified them as endangered, with their wild population estimated between 1,500-3,500 individuals.
Men standing approximately 150 kilograms may reach 2 metres long with peaking height of 75 centimetres; females typically stand 10-20 percent shorter. Giant pandas can be recognized by their distinct fur colour – white face and body with black shoulders, arms, ears and eyes.
Giant pandas are independent animals who roam free within Central China’s bamboo forests consuming an extremely specialized diet consisting of bamboo shoots. Bamboo shoots make up most of their diet, though occasionally meat or other vegetarian-based items might make an appearance.
According to one estimate, their daily bamboo consumption could reach 14 kg! As they begin mating again from March through May, gestation could last anywhere between 95 to 165 days, giving birth to tiny cubs which weigh only one thousandth of their mother’s weight at birth – they can live for 20+ years in nature and more in captivity environments.
What’s the distinction from Red Panda and Giant Panda?
- The number of survivors out in nature is greater in red pandas.
- Giant pandas are bigger as its name implies and red pandas are smaller than domestic cats.
- Red pandas have the red coat of fur with a small white mark on the face and ears with dark legs. While giant pandas are solely white and black in the colour of its coat.
- The sexes are identical in size when it comes to red pandas. However, female giant pandas are between 10 and 20% smaller than males.
- The red panda, for instance, is an arboreal animal and giant pandas are terrestrial, and they do not usually climb trees all the time.
- In giant pandas nearly 99% of their food is bamboo shoots. Red pandas require only two thirds of their meals.
- Red pandas will mate in the initial quarters of the year while giant pandas bond in the second quarter of the year.
As compared to red pandas giant pandas are, of course, massive. Adult red pandas measure 20-25 inches long they weigh anywhere between 7 to 13 pounds, while giant pandas are weighed at 150-300 pounds and stand around five feet tall.
While female and male red pandas generally are similar in size male giant pandas are typically significantly larger than females, which is a characteristic they have in common with bears.
Red pandas resemble raccoons as bears more closely, sporting round bodies that appear longer than giant pandas and long fluffy tails that look just like those found elsewhere on bears. People frequently refer to giant pandas as “panda bears”, due to their similarity with cousins in the ursine family and with barrel-shaped bodies and globe-shaped heads; boasting barrel-like short tails similar to others bear species.
Comparison Table of Red Panda and Giant Panda
|Category||Red Panda||Giant Panda|
|Physical Appearance||A small, bushy tail red-brown fur, with White markings that are visible on its legs, face and belly||Large fur, white and black with black patches on the ears, eyes and legs|
|Size and weight||Length: 50-64cm The weight is 3-6 kilograms.||Long: 1.2-1.9 M; Weight: 75-160 kilos|
|Habitat and Distribution||Himalayas, southwestern China, Nepal, Bhutan||Central China, mainly in Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu|
|Food and Dietary Habits||The bamboo leaves, the bamboo shoots insects, fruits||Bamboo shoots leaves, stems, and sometimes small animals|
|Lifestyle and behavior||Individual, active throughout the day, in arboreal||Solo, active throughout the daytime Most terrestrial|
It is important to note that this table is not complete and there could be additional variations between species not listed.
Food and Dietary Habits
Here’s some facts Regarding the Feeding habits and diet of Red Pandas and Giant Pandas:
Red pandas are Mostly herbivores and their diet Consists mostly of Bamboo Leaves stems, and shoots. They also Consume fruit or berries, as well as Insects and other small Animals.
They are fed a special diet as well as their digestion system has been designed to handle bamboo’s tough fibers.
They can eat for extended durations of time and can consume as much as 22,000 bamboo leaves in a day.
Giant pandas are mainly herbivores. Their diet is mostly composed of bamboo leaves and shoots and stems. They also eat fruit and occasionally small animals like rodents and birds.
They have an exclusive digestive system that can be used to digest large quantities of bamboo.
They are able to consume up to 30kg of bamboo every day.
While they are carnivores pandas have lost the capability to eat meat because of their bamboo diet.
They also have Digestive systems that are much like that of Herbivores.
In general both red pandas and giant pandas are able to eat a diet that’s adapted to bamboo’s tough fibers. Although they do occasionally consume other types of food, bamboo is what is the mainstay in their food.
Natural range of the Red Panda
Red Pandas typically inhabit eastern Himalayas regions such as Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet in China as well as Bhutan, Nepal India Myanmar as its natural home.
Wildlife in general prefer humid forests with bamboo understory at altitudes from 2,200-4,800 metres higher than sea level, where their thick fur helps them remain warm even during harsh winter temperatures.
Red Panda habitats are increasingly threatened due to deforestation, habitat fragmentation and changes in climate that threaten their home range and range shrinkage, ultimately being listed by IUCN as endangered and conservation efforts are ongoing to safeguard this endangered species and slow population declines further.
Natural range of the Giant Panda
Giant Pandas inhabit their natural environment in China’s mountains of central China primarily in Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. Their forests typically include dense bamboo understories located 1,500 to 4,000 metres higher than sea-level.
They have evolved to thrive in the humid, cool mountain air and possess unique adaptations, including an enhanced digestive system designed for breaking down bamboo stalks, as well as wrist bones modified so they can use their wrist bones like thumbs to grab onto bamboo stalks more efficiently.
Their habitats have become imperiled due to habitat fragmentation and human interference; consequently, this has lead to their habitat shrinkage; as such they have been classified by IUCN as endangered species and conservation efforts are in motion to conserve what habitat they do inhabit, increase numbers, and prevent further declines.